Grandes Discursos: "Hope and Glory" de Nelson Mandela
É minha convicção que só aprendemos a escrever e proferir grandes discursos quando nos habituamos a ler regularmente e a assistir a grandes discursos.
Como tal, aqui está mais um exemplo de Grandes Discursos da História: a tomada de posse de Nelson Mandela como Presidente da África do Sul, em 1994.
A África do Sul atravessava um momento crítico: a transição desde o Apartheid (a segregação da sociedade com base na raça) para uma democracia capaz de oferecer a igualdade a todos os cidadãos, independentemente da sua raça ou classe social.
Nelson Mandela foi o primeiro presidente democraticamente eleito e no seu discurso inaugural prometeu segurança, orgulho e glória.
Este discurso sublinha a devoção dos Sul-Africanos em torno da Unidade, Liberdade e Renovação. É um exemplo de uma escrita perpassada pela emoção e onde encontramos várias comparações com a Natureza. Por exemplo, com o desabrochar de um país. A mensagem cá um tributo à perseverança do espírito humano, centrando-se, tal como o título indica, na glória e esperança de um futuro que começa a tornar-se presente: "Our daily deeds as ordinary South Africans must produce an actual South African reality that will reinforce humanity's belief in justice, strengthen its confidence in the nobility of the human soul and sustain all our hopes for a glorious life for all".
Repare no uso da Anáfora e de Tríades na parte final do discurso, as quais reforçam a convicção do orador, além de ajudarem a salientar a mensagem de Mandela.
Excerto de "Hope and Glory":
Your majesties, your royal highnesses, distinguished guests, comrades and friends:
Today, all of us do, by our presence here, and by our celebrations in other parts of our country and the world, confer glory and hope to newborn liberty.
Out of the experience of an extraordinary human disaster that lasted too long must be born a society of which all humanity will be proud.
Our daily deeds as ordinary South Africans must produce an actual South African reality that will reinforce humanity's belief in justice, strengthen its confidence in the nobility of the human soul and sustain all our hopes for a glorious life for all. A Sense of Renewal
All this we owe both to ourselves and to the peoples of the world who are so well represented here today.
To my compatriots, I have no hesitation in saying that each one of us is as intimately attached to the soil of this beautiful country as are the famous jacaranda trees of Pretoria and the mimosa trees of the bushveld.
Each time one of us touches the soil of this land, we feel a sense of personal renewal. The national mood changes as the seasons change.
We are moved by a sense of joy and exhilaration when the grass turns green and the flowers bloom.
That spiritual and physical oneness we all share with this common homeland explains the depth of the pain we all carried in our hearts as we saw our country tear itself apart in terrible conflict, and as we saw it spurned, outlawed and isolated by the peoples of the world, precisely because it has become the universal base of the pernicious ideology and practice of racism and racial oppression. Guests Are Thanked
We, the people of South Africa, feel fulfilled that humanity has taken us back into its bosom, that we, who were outlaws not so long ago, have today been given the rare privilege to be host to the nations of the world on our own soil.
We dedicate this day to all the heroes and heroines in this country and the rest of the world who sacrificed in many ways and surrendered their lives so that we could be free.
Their dreams have become reality. Freedom is their reward.
We are both humbled and elevated by the honor and privilege that you, the people of South Africa, have bestowed on us, as the first President of a united, democratic, nonracial and nonsexist South Africa, to lead our country out of the valley of darkness.
We understand it still that there is no easy road to freedom.
We know it well that none of us acting alone can achieve success.
We must therefore act together as a united people, for national reconciliation, for nation building, for the birth of a new world.
Let there be justice for all.
Let there be peace for all.
Let there be work, bread, water and salt for all.
Let each know that for each the body, the mind and the soul have been freed to fulfill themselves.
Never, never, and never again shall it be that this beautiful land will again experience the oppression of one by another and suffer the indignity of being the skunk of the world.
The sun shall never set on so glorious a human achievement!
Let freedom reign. God bless Africa!
Retoricamente, bons discursos!